Jan 1, 1986

Pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis induced by chrysotile asbestos. Longitudinal light and electron microscopic studies on the rat model

Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological Anatomy and Histopathology
E Fasske

Abstract

A single instillation of 1 mg chrysotile B with a fiber length between 0.05 and 0.2 micron in 0.1 ml tricaprylin was made via a polyvinyl catheter into the lower lobe of the right lung of 120 six-week-old Wistar rats under anesthesia. The animals were killed at intervals between five minutes and two years. The lower lobes of the right lung were investigated by light and electron microscopy. The process of pulmonary fibrosis induced by asbestos can be subdivided into four phases: these are the phase of phagocytosis (five to 15 min), the phase of granuloma formation (between one and two weeks), the phase of septal fibrosis (between two and six months) and finally the scar stage (after one year). After instillation of small asbestos fibers into the alveoli, a major proportion of these fibers is phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages after five minutes and leaves the lungs via the airways. A proportion of the fibers penetrates through the alveolar wall (mostly conveyed by type I pneumocytes) and reaches the interstitium of the lungs. There, the fibers are taken up by pulmonary tissue macrophages and giant cells. Within the phagolysosomes, the fibers are broken down into fragments less than 0.01 micron in length. Type II pneumocytes p...Continue Reading

  • References28
  • Citations7

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathogenic Aspects
Necrosis
Giant Cells
Pathogenesis
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Type-II Pneumocytes
Pulmonary Fibrosis - from Asbestos Exposure
Surfactant [EPC]
Endogenous Surfactants
Lung

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.