Mar 4, 2020

Pathogenic PSEN1 Glu184Gly Mutation in a Family from Thailand with Probable Autosomal Dominant Early Onset Alzheimer's Disease

Diagnostics
Vorapun SenanarongSangYun Kim

Abstract

A pathogenic mutation in PSEN1 p.Glu184Gly was discovered in a Thai family with early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) as the first case in Asia. Proband patient presented memory impairment and anxiety at the age of 41 years. Family history was positive, since several family members were also diagnosed with dementia (father and grandfather). MRI in the patient revealed global cortical atrophy without specific lesions or lacuna infarctions. Extensive genetic profiling for 50 neurodegenerative disease related genes was performed by next generation sequencing (NGS) on the patient. PSEN1 Glu184Gly was previously reported in French families with frontal variant Alzheimer's disease (AD). Interestingly, this mutation is located near the splicing site and could possibly result in abnormal cleavage of PSEN1 transcript. Furthermore, 3D models from protein structural predictions revealed significant structural changes, since glycine may result in increased flexibility of TM-III helix. Inter/intra-helical interactions could also be altered. In the future, functional studies should be performed to verify the probable role PSEN1 Glu184Gly in amyloid beta processing and pathogenicity.

Mentioned in this Paper

Fungal sp. ARIZ L126.p
Massively-Parallel Sequencing
PSEN1 protein, human
Memory Impairment
PSEN1 gene
Cerebral Atrophy
Gene Mutant
Lesion
Genes
Structure

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