Mar 23, 2020

Pathologic findings and clinical outcomes in women undergoing risk-reducing surgery to prevent ovarian and fallopian tube carcinoma: A large prospective single institution experience

Gynecologic Oncology
Shannon K RushB Norquist

Abstract

Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) is recommended for women at increased risk of ovarian, fallopian tube (FT), and peritoneal carcinoma (collectively OC). We describe rates of occult neoplasia in the largest single-institution prospective cohort of women undergoing RRSO, including those with mutations in non-BRCA homologous repair (HRR) genes. Participants undergoing RRSO enrolled in a prospective tissue bank between 1999 and 2017. Ovaries and FTs were serially sectioned in all cases. Participants had OC susceptibility gene mutations or a family history suggesting OC risk. Analyses were completed in Stata IC 15.1. Of 644 women, 194 (30.1%) had mutations in BRCA1, 177 (27.5%) BRCA2, 27 (4.2%) other HRR genes, and 15 (2.3%) Lynch Syndrome-associated genes. Seventeen (2.6%) had occult neoplasms at RRSO, 15/17 (88.2%) in the FT. Of BRCA1 carriers, 14/194 (7.2%) had occult neoplasia, 8/194 (4.1%) invasive. One PALB2 and two BRCA2 carriers had intraepithelial FT neoplasms. Occult neoplasm occurred more frequently in BRCA1/2 carriers ≥45 years of age (6.5% vs 2.2%, chi square, p = .04), and 211/371 (56.9%) BRCA1/2 carriers had surgery after guideline-recommended ages. Four in 8 (50%) invasive and 2/9 (22%) intraepithelial neop...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Malignant Neoplasm of Fallopian Tube
Family History
NR1H4
BRCA2
Fallopian Tube Carcinoma
Carcinoma of Peritoneum
Recurrence (Disease Attribute)
BRCA2 protein, human
Woman
Genetic Carriers

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