Pathophysiology of dehydromonocrotaline-induced pulmonary fibrosis in the beagle

Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
T J RaczniakJ J Lalich

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize the sequential hemodynamic alterations and pulmonary vascular lesions produced by a single pulmonary artery injection of the vasotoxic pyrrolic alkaloid dehydromonocrotaline in the young beagle. Normotensive pulmonary pressure was replaced by hypertension 21 days after injection. By 28 days, the pulmonary pressure and total pulmonary vascualr resistance of the experimental animals were significantly greater than the controls (p less than 0.01). Right ventricular work increased from a baseline mean of 0.58 to 1.40 kg . m/min. Morphological and morphometrical analyses revealed alveolar edema, increased numbers of alveolar macrophages, cellular hyperplasia in the alveolar septa, and a progressive interstitial fibrosis. The precise mechansims by which dehydromonocrotaline injection initiates and promotes pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary fibrosis still needs clarification; however, our data indicate that the fraction of air space is reduced relative to the fraction of tissue space, and this change occurs with concurrent fibrosis in the alveolar septa and an increased pulmonary arterial pressure although hypoxia was not clinically detectable.

Citations

Jan 1, 1990·Pharmacology & Therapeutics·R J Huxtable
Oct 20, 1998·Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews·A E Schultze, R A Roth
Sep 15, 2000·Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology : Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie·V PaceE Perentes

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Carbon Dioxide
Cardiac Output
Canis familiaris
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Dioxygen
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Senecio Alkaloids
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance

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