Patients Admitted to Three Spanish Intensive Care Units for Poisoning: Type of Poisoning, Mortality, and Functioning of Prognostic Scores Commonly Used

BioMed Research International
María Esther Banderas-BravoRicardo Rivera-Fernández


Objectives . To evaluate the gravity and mortality of those patients admitted to the intensive care unit for poisoning. Also, the applicability and predicted capacity of prognostic scales most frequently used in ICU must be evaluated.Methods. Multicentre study between 2008 and 2013 on all patients admitted for poisoning.Results. The results are from 119 patients. The causes of poisoning were medication, 92 patients (77.3%), caustics, 11 (9.2%), and alcohol, 20 (16,8%). 78.3% attempted suicides. Mean age was 44.42 ± 13.85 years. 72.5% had a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) ≤8 points. The ICU mortality was 5.9% and the hospital mortality was 6.7%. The mortality from caustic poisoning was 54.5%, and it was 1.9% for noncaustic poisoning (p< 0.001). After adjusting for SAPS-3 (OR: 1.19 (1.02-1.39)) the mortality of patients who had ingested caustics was far higher than the rest (OR: 560.34 (11.64-26973.83)). There was considerable discrepancy between mortality predicted by SAPS-3 (26.8%) and observed (6.7%) (Hosmer-Lemeshow test:H= 35.10;p< 0.001). The APACHE-II (7,57%) and APACHE-III (8,15%) were no discrepancies.Conclusions. Admission to ICU for poisoning is rare in our country. Medication is the most frequent cause, but mortality of caus...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Intensive Care Unit
Retrospective Studies
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Glasgow Coma Scale
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