Domesticated food crops are derived from a phylogenetically diverse assemblage of wild ancestors through artificial selection for different traits. Our understanding of domestication, however, is based upon a subset of well-studied 'model' crops, many of them from the Poaceae family. Here, we investigate domestication traits and theories using a broader range of crops. We reviewed domestication information (e.g. center of domestication, plant traits, wild ancestors, domestication dates, domestication traits, early and current uses) for 203 major and minor food crops. Compiled data were used to test classic and contemporary theories in crop domestication. Many typical features of domestication associated with model crops, including changes in ploidy level, loss of shattering, multiple origins, and domestication outside the native range, are less common within this broader dataset. In addition, there are strong spatial and temporal trends in our dataset. The overall time required to domesticate a species has decreased since the earliest domestication events. The frequencies of some domestication syndrome traits (e.g. nonshattering) have decreased over time, while others (e.g. changes to secondary metabolites) have increased. We d...Continue Reading
Nonadditive changes in genome size during allopolyploidization in the wheat (aegilops-triticum) group
Contrasting patterns in crop domestication and domestication rates: recent archaeobotanical insights from the Old World
Allelic interaction at seed-shattering loci in the genetic backgrounds of wild and cultivated rice species
The origins of animal domestication and husbandry: a major change in the history of humanity and the biosphere
Estimation of mating system parameters in an evolving gynodioecous population of cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)
Bioarchaeological insights into the process of domestication of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) during Roman times in Southern France
Tempest in a tea pot: How did the public conversation on genetically modified crops drift so far from the facts?
Deciphering genetic diversity and inheritance of tomato fruit weight and composition through a systems biology approach
Convergent evolution and parallelism in plant domestication revealed by an expanding archaeological record
Altered expression of TaRSL4 gene by genome interplay shapes root hair length in allopolyploid wheat
Global investigation of the co-evolution of MIRNA genes and microRNA targets during soybean domestication
Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museomics
Trade-offs between seed output and life span - a quantitative comparison of traits between annual and perennial congeneric species
A Genome-wide Combinatorial Strategy Dissects Complex Genetic Architecture of Seed Coat Color in Chickpea
A genome-scale integrated approach aids in genetic dissection of complex flowering time trait in chickpea
Independent mis-splicing mutations in TaPHS1 causing loss of preharvest sprouting (PHS) resistance during wheat domestication
The impact of domestication on resistance to two generalist herbivores across 29 independent domestication events
The evolution of halophytes, glycophytes and crops, and its implications for food security under saline conditions
Why is a raven like a writing desk? Origins of the sunflower that is neither an artichoke nor from Jerusalem
Using Ancient Traits to Convert Soil Health into Crop Yield: Impact of Selection on Maize Root and Rhizosphere Function
Genetic structure of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) in the Old World reveals a strong differentiation between eastern and western populations
Domestication in Murtilla (Ugni molinae) Reduced Defensive Flavonol Levels but Increased Resistance Against a Native Herbivorous Insect
Comparative transcriptomics uncovers alternative splicing changes and signatures of selection from maize improvement
Plant Defense against Herbivorous Pests: Exploiting Resistance and Tolerance Traits for Sustainable Crop Protection
A large set of 26 new reference transcriptomes dedicated to comparative population genomics in crops and wild relatives
Genomic and phenotypic evidence for an incomplete domestication of South American grain amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus)
The Domestication Syndrome in Phoenix dactylifera Seeds: Toward the Identification of Wild Date Palm Populations
Evidence of a Strong Domestication Bottleneck in the Recently Cultivated New Zealand Endemic Root Crop, Arthropodium cirratum (Asparagaceae)
Effect of expanded variation in anther position on pollinator visitation to wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum
A Mesoamerican origin of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): Implications for the conservation of plant genetic resources
Characterization of a Genomic Region under Selection in Cultivated Carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) Reveals a Candidate Domestication Gene
Patterns of nuclear and chloroplast genetic diversity and structure of manioc along major Brazilian Amazonian rivers
The ecological footprint of Acca sellowiana domestication maintains the residual vertebrate diversity in threatened highlands of Atlantic Forest
Highly structured genetic diversity of Bixa orellana var. urucurana, the wild ancestor of annatto, in Brazilian Amazonia
Crop wild relatives of the brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena): Poorly represented in genebanks and many species at risk of extinction
Reproductive traits and evolutionary divergence between Mediterranean crops and their wild relatives
Back to the wilds: tapping evolutionary adaptations for resilient crops through systematic hybridization with crop wild relatives
Identification of candidate domestication-related genes with a systematic survey of loss-of-function mutations
On the Road to Breeding 4.0: Unraveling the Good, the Bad, and the Boring of Crop Quantitative Genomics
Origin and domestication of Cucurbitaceae crops: insights from phylogenies, genomics and archaeology
De novo transcriptome characterisation of two auxin-related genes associated with plant growth habit in Astragalus adsurgens Pall
Haplotype Networking of GWAS Hits for Citrulline Variation Associated with the Domestication of Watermelon
The Ecology of Salicylic Acid Signaling: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Effects with Applications in Agriculture
Genetic Control and Geo-Climate Adaptation of Pod Dehiscence Provide Novel Insights into Soybean Domestication
Genomic signatures and candidate genes of lint yield and fibre quality improvement in Upland cotton in Xinjiang
Unraveling the evolutionary dynamics of ancient and recent polyploidization events in Avena (Poaceae)
A Combined Comparative Transcriptomic, Metabolomic, and Anatomical Analyses of Two Key Domestication Traits: Pod Dehiscence and Seed Dormancy in Pea (Pisum sp.)
Domesticated, Genetically Engineered, and Wild Plant Relatives Exhibit Unintended Phenotypic Differences: A Comparative Meta-Analysis Profiling Rice, Canola, Maize, Sunflower, and Pumpkin
The cotton HD-Zip transcription factor GhHB12 regulates flowering time and plant architecture via the GhmiR157-GhSPL pathway
The nectar report: quantitative review of nectar sugar concentrations offered by bee visited flowers in agricultural and non-agricultural landscapes
Genome-Wide Association Study of Yield Component Traits in Intermediate Wheatgrass and Implications in Genomic Selection and Breeding
New Food Crop Domestication in the Age of Gene Editing: Genetic, Agronomic and Cultural Change Remain Co-evolutionarily Entangled
Genomic analyses of primitive, wild and cultivated citrus provide insights into asexual reproduction
Plant domestication decreases both constitutive and induced chemical defences by direct selection against defensive traits
Wild Origins of Macadamia Domestication Identified Through Intraspecific Chloroplast Genome Sequencing
A population genomics appraisal suggests independent dispersals for bitter and sweet manioc in Brazilian Amazonia
Resistance and Tolerance to Root Herbivory in Maize Were Mediated by Domestication, Spread, and Breeding
ABC transporter genes ABC-C6 and ABC-G33 alter plant-microbe-parasite interactions in the rhizosphere
Patterns of Evolutionary Trajectories and Domestication History within the Genus Hordeum Assessed by REMAP Markers
The role of genetics in mainstreaming the production of new and orphan crops to diversify food systems and support human nutrition
Origins of the Apple: The Role of Megafaunal Mutualism in the Domestication of Malus and Rosaceous Trees
Phytochemicals and Traditional Use of Two Southernmost Chilean Berry Fruits: Murta (Ugni molinae Turcz) and Calafate (Berberis buxifolia Lam.)
Phenotypic characterisation and linkage mapping of domestication syndrome traits in yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus L.).
Whole-genome sequencing provides insights into the genetic diversity and domestication of bitter gourd (Momordica spp.)
Reproductive Strategies in Mediterranean Legumes: Trade-Offs between Phenology, Seed Size and Vigor within and between Wild and Domesticated Lupinus Species Collected along Aridity Gradients
Does the Genomic Landscape of Species Divergence in Phaseolus Beans Coerce Parallel Signatures of Adaptation and Domestication?
Genetic Diversity and Domestication Footprints of Chinese Cherry [Cerasus pseudocerasus (Lindl.) G.Don] as Revealed by Nuclear Microsatellites
Comparative Analysis of Early Life Stage Traits in Annual and Perennial Phaseolus Crops and Their Wild Relatives
Herbivory and anti-herbivore defences in wild and cultivated Cnidoscolus aconitifolius : disentangling domestication and environmental effects
The Impact of Domestication on Aboveground and Belowground Trait Responses to Nitrogen Fertilization in Wild and Cultivated Genotypes of Chickpea (Cicer sp.)
Genotyping-by-Sequencing Identifies Historical Breeding Stages of the Recently Domesticated American Cranberry
Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.
Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis
Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.
Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.
Neural Activity: Imaging
Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.
Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.
Cell Atlas of the Human Eye
Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.
Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.
STING Receptor Agonists
Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.