Dec 25, 1975

Patterns of fatty acid release from endogenous substrates by human platelet homogenates and membranes

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
A Derksen, P Cohen

Abstract

We describe a method for measuring the release of fatty acids from endogenous substrates of human platelet homogenates and membranes. The method depends on the availability of lipids whose fatty acids are odd-chained and therefore suitable as internal reference compounds that, at the time of lipid extraction, can be added to an incubation to permit subsequent quantification of the content of free fatty acids or fatty acids esterified to specific lipids. We found four types of lipolytic activities in human platelets. In homogenates at pH 4.0 a triglyceride lipase operated as shown by the synchrony of triglyceride degradation and release of glycerol and those fatty acids that are the predominant constituents of triglycerides. However, enough arachidonic acid was released at this pH level to suggest some phospholipid breakdown, since triglycerides hold relatively small amounts of this acid. With membranous preparations, in the alkaline pH range there were two peaks of fatty acid release with accompanying degradation of phospholipids. At pH 8.5, where release of the saturated acids, palmitic and stearic, predominated, their sum was 3.5 times that of arachidonic acid. At pH 9.5 the release of palmitic and stearic acids was only slig...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Stearic Acids
Choline
Phospholipase A2, human
Patterns
Tissue Membrane
Glycerin
Triglyceride Catabolic Process
Membrane
Calcium
Phospholipid Catabolism

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