Paying the price of excluding patients from a trauma registry

The Journal of Trauma
Eric BergeronDavid Clas


The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of different trauma registry exclusion criteria on the assessment of trauma populations and outcome. All patients admitted to a Canadian regional trauma center from April 1, 1993 to March 31, 2002 with a diagnosis of trauma (ICD-9 codes 800 to 959) were reviewed. TOTAL included everyone. REGISTRY included only patients meeting any of four criteria: death during hospital stay, transfer received from another hospital, admission to the intensive care unit, or hospital stay of 3 days or more. NOHIP excluded patients with isolated hip fracture. REG/NOHIP combined both. ISS12 and ISS15 excluded patients with ISS <12 and 15, respectively. There were 6,839 trauma patients. The percentage of excluded patients by group was: REGISTRY, 21.2%; NOHIP, 14.7%; REG/NOHIP, 34.9%; ISS12, 75%; and ISS15, 80.3%. Median length of stay was 7 days. Exclusions represented a total number of hospitalization days varying from 1.9% to 65.5% of TOTAL. Mortality was 6.9% for TOTAL, 8.6% for REGISTRY (p < 0.001), 5.7% for NOHIP (p = 0.009), 7.5% for REG/NOHIP (p=NS), 16.1% for ISS12 (p < 0.001), and 20.4% for ISS15 (p < 0.001). In groups with exclusions, transfer to long-term care varied from 0.14% to 23.5% in...Continue Reading


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