Apr 18, 2020

Structure of the TFIIIC subcomplex {tau} A provides insights into RNA polymerase III pre-initiation complex formation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. K. VorländerC. W. Müller


Transcription factor (TF) IIIC is a conserved eukaryotic six-subunit protein complex with dual function. It serves as a general TF for most RNA polymerase (Pol) III genes by recruiting TFIIIB, but it is also involved in chromatin organization and regulation of Pol II genes through interaction with CTCF and condensin II. Here, we report the structure of the S. cerevisiae TFIIIC subcomplex {tau}A, which contains the most conserved subunits of TFIIIC and is responsible for recruitment of TFIIIB and transcription start site (TSS) selection at Pol III genes. We show that {tau}A binding to its promoter is auto-inhibited by a disordered acidic tail of subunit {tau}95. We further provide a negative stain reconstruction of {tau}A bound to the TFIIIB subunits Brf1 and TBP with an unexpected location of Brf1 and TBP. This shows that a ruler element in {tau}A achieves positioning of TFIIIB upstream of the TSS, and suggests remodeling of the complex during assembly of TFIIIB by TFIIIC.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Meiotic Cell Cycle
Reproduction, Asexual
Nucleic Acid Hybridization Procedure
Heterodera radicicola

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