May 24, 2019

Pediatric thymectomy: a study of national trends in demographics, short-term outcomes, and cost

Pediatric Surgery International
Michael A CatalanoRichard D Glick


Thymectomy in pediatric patients is an effective treatment for myasthenia gravis (MG), thymic neoplasms, and other rarer pathologies. It is an uncommon procedure in children and studies have focused on small, single-institution cohorts. We sought to better characterize its use by utilizing a national database. The Kids' Inpatient Database was used to identify hospital discharge records of patients ≤ 20 years old who underwent thymectomy. A retrospective cross-sectional analysis for 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 was performed. Trends in patient characteristics, diagnosis, surgical approach, and short-term outcomes were analyzed. Risk factors were identified using univariate and multivariate analyses. There were 600 thymectomies identified. MG was the most common indication. Thoracoscopy is being used increasingly for all diagnoses except malignancy. The overall morbidity rate was 14.0%, with respiratory complications representing the largest group. No in-hospital deaths were identified. Private insurance was associated with shorter hospital stays and lower costs. Hispanic race was associated with more complications, longer stays, and higher costs. Thoracoscopic thymectomies had shorter stays than open procedures. Thymectomy in the ...Continue Reading

  • References18
  • Citations2


  • References18
  • Citations2


Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
Univariate Analysis
Respiratory Complication

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.