Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) maintains airway pressure above atmospheric at the end of expiration, and may be used with mechanical ventilation or spontaneous breathing. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, refers to spontaneous ventilation with a positive airway pressure being maintained throughout the whole respiratory cycle. PEEP/CPAP primarily improves oxygenation by increasing functional residual capacity, and may increase lung compliance and decrease the work of breathing. PEEP/CPAP may be applied using endotracheal tubes, nasal masks or prongs, or face masks or chambers to treat a wide range of adult and paediatric respiratory disorders. Complications associated with their use relate to the pressures applied and include pulmonary barotrauma, decreased cardiac output and raised intracranial pressure.
Variety of expiratory resistance between different continuous positive airway pressure devices for preterm infants
Question 2: Will continuous positive airway pressure reduce the need for ventilation in bronchiolitis?
Nasopharyngeal airway pressures in bronchiolitis patients treated with high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy
Comparison of lung volume measurements by antero-posterior chest X-ray and the SF6 washout technique in mechanically ventilated infants
Boussignac continuous positive airway pressure device in the emergency care of acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a randomized pilot study
Nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) as an initial therapy for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm and near-term infants
Positive end-expiratory pressure ventilation increases extravascular lung water due to a decrease in lung lymph flow
Nebulised hypertonic saline in children with bronchiolitis admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit: A retrospective study
Positive expiratory pressure improves arterial and cerebral oxygenation in acute normobaric and hypobaric hypoxia
Three different mask physiotherapy regimens for prevention of post-operative pulmonary complications after heart and pulmonary surgery
Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on breathing pattern of infants with respiratory-distress syndrome
The effect of a low continuous positive airway pressure on the reflex control of respiration in the preterm infant
Determination of optimal continuous positive airway pressure for the treatment of IRDS by measurement of esophageal pressure
Treatment of adult respiratory distress syndrome with diuretics, dialysis, and positive end-expiratory pressure
The relationship of bronchopulmonary dysplasia to the occurrence of alveolar rupture during positive pressure ventilation
Treatment of cardiac and renal effects of PEEP with dopamine in patients with acute respiratory failure
Mechanical work on the lungs and work of breathing with positive end-expiratory pressure and continuous positive airway pressure
Continuous postive airways pressure treatment by a face chamber in idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome
Influence of early introduction of continuous positive pressure breathing on the course of hyaline membrane disease
Apnea of prematurity. Comparative therapeutic effects of cutaneous stimulation and nasal continuous positive airway pressure
Treatment of flail chest. Use of intermittent mandatory ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure
Continuous positive airway pressure and pulmonary and circulatory function after cardiac surgery in infants less than three months of age
This feed focuses in Asthma in which your airways narrow and swell. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Allergy and Asthma
Allergy and asthma are inflammatory disorders that are triggered by the activation of an allergen-specific regulatory t cell. These t cells become activated when allergens are recognized by allergen-presenting cells. Here is the latest research on allergy and asthma.