PEG with introducer or pull method: a prospective randomized comparison

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Iruru MaetaniMasao Yoshikawa

Abstract

PEG by the conventional pull method has the potential drawback of being associated with a higher frequency of wound infection, presumably caused by contamination of the gastrostomy catheter as it passes through the oral cavity. This study investigated the occurrence of peristomal wound infection after PEG placement by using the pull and introducer techniques. Between September 1999 and May 2002, consecutive patients with dysphagia for whom PEG was recommended were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to two groups: PEG with the introducer method (Group I) or PEG with the pull method (Group II). The peristomal area of each patient was evaluated on a daily basis for one week after PEG. Erythema and exudate were scored on a scale from 0 to 4 and induration on a scale of 0 to 3. Criteria for infection were a maximum combined score of 8 or higher, or the presence of microscopic and microbiologic evidence of suppurating exudate. In each group, the endoscope was passed once during the procedure, and an antibiotic (piperacillin) was given prophylactically. All procedures were performed by one investigator with the assistance of another physician. Of the 60 patients enrolled, 30 were assigned to each group. PEG was successful in ...Continue Reading

Citations

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