Pelvic peritoneal reconstruction to prevent radiation enteritis in rectal carcinoma

Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
J S ChenH A Fan

Abstract

Some patients with rectal cancer who undergo exenterative surgery may require radiation therapy as an adjuvant treatment for recurrent or residual disease. A common devastating side effect of this treatment modality is radiation enteritis, a radiation-induced small bowel injury. Hence, the prevention of such a complication is essential for both the surgeon and the radiation oncologist. A new surgical method using the posterior rectus sheath and peritoneum to partition the abdominal cavity at the level of the umbilicus to the sacral promontory seems to accomplish this purpose, keeping the small bowel away from the pelvic cavity. After removal of the rectal lesion [eight abdominoperineal resections (APRs), nine Hartmann's procedures, and one low anterior resection (LAR)] in 18 patients with rectal cancer, this new surgical procedure was performed. One of the patients had an early postoperative intestinal obstruction, and all but one of the patients received postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy. In addition, a small bowel series was performed before the radiation therapy and six months and one year after surgery. Upon examination, most of these patients still had their small bowel kept intact in the abdominal cavity. During th...Continue Reading

References

Jan 1, 1988·Diseases of the Colon and Rectum·D F DevereuxL Zinkin
May 1, 1987·Journal of Surgical Oncology·S C BakareA J McElhinney
Jun 1, 1984·Journal of Surgical Oncology·D F DevereuxP J Mozden
Jan 1, 1984·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·J E RussJ D Gagnon
May 1, 1981·Diseases of the Colon and Rectum·A M CohenC E Welch

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Citations

Oct 7, 2006·Hernia : the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery·Ugo IhediohaP J O'dwyer
Mar 31, 1999·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·A R MillerJ H Donohue
Dec 10, 1999·Journal of the American College of Surgeons·B E WaddellN J Petrelli
Dec 26, 2008·World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG·Jannis Kountouras, Christos Zavos
Jan 25, 2013·World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG·Abobakr K ShadadLaurence J Egan
Dec 17, 1997·Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology·G S HowarthE K Yeoh
Dec 24, 2010·Cirugía española·Carlos Moreno-SanzJoaquín Picazo-Yeste

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