Pelvic reconstruction after abdominoperineal resection: a pilot study using an absorbable synthetic prosthesis.

Techniques in Coloproctology
Carlos Moreno-SanzJoaquín Picazo-Yeste


Abdominoperineal resection (APR) is not free of complications, in particular complications due to the occupation of the pelvis by the small bowel after surgery. A number of surgical techniques have been described to prevent the small bowel from entering and adhering to the pelvis (pelvic partition), but there is no agreement concerning their use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of using an absorbable synthetic prosthetic material for pelvic partitioning after APR. A prospective non-randomised longitudinal pilot study was carried out on a series of 10 patients who underwent APR due to lower-third rectal cancer, in order to evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of pelvic partitioning with an absorbable synthetic prosthetic material. In all the patients, it was possible to perform a radical resection and to install the prosthesis. After a mean follow-up of 9 months (range: 4-18 months), no abdominal or perineal complications were detected. One patient (10%) suffered chronic pelvic pain. Pelvic partition after APR of the rectum with an absorbable synthetic prosthesis is feasible, effective and safe.


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