Penaeidins are a novel family of antiviral effectors against WSSV in shrimp

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Bang XiaoJianguo He

Abstract

Penaeidins are members of a family of key effectors with broad anti-bacterial activities in penaeid shrimp. However, the function of penaeidins in antiviral immunity is rarely reported and remains largely unknown. Herein, we uncovered that penaeidins are a novel family of antiviral effectors against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Firstly, RNAi in vivo mediated knockdown of each penaeidin from four identified penaeidins from Litopenaeus vannamei resulted in elevated viral loads and rendered shrimp more susceptible to WSSV, whilst the phenotype of survival rate in penaeidin-silenced shrimp can be rescued via the injection of recombinant penaeidin proteins. Moreover, pull-down assays demonstrated the conserved PEN domain of penaeidin was able to interact with WSSV structural proteins. Furthermore, we observed that colloidal gold-labeled penaeidins were located on the outer surface of the WSSV virion. By infection-blocking assay, we observed that hemocytes had lower viral infection rates in the group of WSSV preincubated with penaeidins than those of control group. Phagocytic activity analysis further showed that penaeidins were able to inhibit phagocytic activity of hemocytes against WSSV. Taken together, these results suggest ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antiviral Agents
Conserved Sequence
Gold
Hemocytes (Cell)
Phagocytes
Recombinant Proteins
Shrimp
Transcription, Genetic
Viral Structural Proteins
Virus Diseases

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