May 1, 1996

Pentobarbital enhances cyclic adenosine monophosphate production in the brain by effects on neurons but not glia

J M Gonzales, I Méndez-Bobé


Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is an important regulator of neuronal excitability. The effects of barbiturates on cAMP production in intact neurons are not known. This study used cultures of cortical neurons, cultures of glia, and slices of cerebral cortex from the rat to study the effects of barbiturates on cAMP regulation in the brain. Primary cultures of cortical neurons or glia were prepared from 17-day gestational Sprague-Dawley rat fetuses and were used after 12-16 days in culture. Cross-cut slices (300 microns) were prepared from cerebral cortex of adult rats. Cyclic AMP accumulation was determined by measuring the conversion of [3H]adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to [3H]cAMP in cells preloaded with [3H]adenine. Pentobarbital enhanced isoproterenol- and forskolin-stimulated, but not basal, cAMP accumulation in cultures of cerebral neurons. Cyclic AMP production was enhanced by pentobarbital in a dose-dependent fashion up to a concentration of 250 microM; This concentration of pentobarbital increased cAMP production by 40-50% relative to that in controls without pentobarbital. At 500 microM pentobarbital, the magnitude of the enhancement was less. Pentobarbital had no effect on isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP production...Continue Reading

  • References38
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Rats, Holtzman
Thrombocytopenia, Cyclic

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.