Dec 17, 2002

PepN, the major Suc-LLVY-AMC-hydrolyzing enzyme in Escherichia coli, displays functional similarity with downstream processing enzymes in Archaea and eukarya. Implications in cytosolic protein degradation

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Dilip ChanduDipankar Nandi

Abstract

Succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin (Suc-LLVY-AMC), a fluorogenic endopeptidase substrate, is used to detect 20 S proteasomal activity from Archaea to mammals. An o-phenanthroline-sensitive Suc-LLVY-AMC hydrolyzing activity was detected in Escherichia coli although it lacks 20 S proteasomes. We identified PepN, previously characterized as the sole alanine aminopeptidase in E. coli, to be responsible for the hydrolysis of Suc-LLVY-AMC. PepN is an aminoendopeptidase. First, extracts from an ethyl methanesulfonate-derived PepN mutant, 9218, did not cleave Suc-LLVY-AMC and L-Ala-para-nitroanilide (pNA). Second, biochemically purified PepN cleaves a wide variety of both aminopeptidase and endopeptidase substrates, and L-Ala-pNA is cleaved more efficiently than other substrates. Studies with bestatin, an aminopeptidase-specific inhibitor, suggest differences in the mechanisms of cleavage of aminopeptidase and endopeptidase substrates. Third, PepN hydrolyzes whole proteins, casein and albumin. Finally, an E. coli strain with a targeted deletion in PepN also lacks the ability to cleave Suc-LLVY-AMC and L-Ala-pNA, and expression of wild type PepN in this mutant rescues both activities. In addition, we identified a low mole...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase
Protein Degradation, Regulatory
Bacterial Proteins
Caseins
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Peptide Hydrolases
N-succinyl-leucyl-leucyl-valyl-tyrosyl-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin
NPEPPS gene

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