Peptic ulcer bleeding today: risk factors and characteristics of the disease

Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
M Leivonen, E Kivilaakso


This study was undertaken to ascertain whether the modern effective anti-ulcer drugs have had any influence on the natural history of hemorrhagic peptic ulcer disease and other acid-related gastroduodenal bleeding disorders. In the prospective part of the study the anamnestic data of all 73 patients admitted to our hospital with a bleeding ulcer or related disease during the year 1989 were compared with the data of 73 patients subjected to elective upper GI tract endoscopy for abdominal symptoms other than bleeding, paying special attention to potential risk factors. There were no differences in previous ulcer history or operations for ulcer disease between these two groups. Cigarette smoking and coffee consumption were not different, but the bleeders consumed alcohol more often, and, in particular, they used ulcerogenic drugs or other hemorrhagic diathesis-provoking agents significantly more frequently than controls. In the retrospective part of the study these 73 patients were compared with the medical records of all 87 patients admitted to our hospital in 1976 for a bleeding peptic ulcer disease, to ascertain whether introduction of H2-blocking agents had had any influence on the nature of the patient population, characteris...Continue Reading


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