Nov 1, 1992

Peptidergic innervation of human salivary glands (parotid gland and submandibular gland)

C E Hauser-KronbergerG W Hacker


Immunocytochemistry and a radioimmunoassay were used to investigate the existence and distributions of various regulatory peptide immunoreactivities (ir) in human submandibular and parotid glands. Numerous nerve fibers containing vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and peptide histidine methionine (PHM), or neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) and C-flanking peptide of NPY (CPON)-ir were found in close proximity to acini, ducts and blood vessels. Only a few calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and substance P (SP)-ir nerve fibers could be demonstrated and were mainly localized around blood vessels and ducts. Galanin and the recently discovered peptides helospectin and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide were unable to be detected in the salivary glands studied. Preliminary quantitative investigations of four human submandibular glands using radioimmunoassay showed that VIP-ir had the highest concentration, followed by NPY-ir and CGRP-ir; SP-concentrations were below the detection limit. The possible physiological significance of these peptides for salivary secretion is discussed.

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

CALCA gene
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
CALCA wt Allele
Cerebellar Mossy Fibers
Muscle Innervation, Function
Blood Vessel
Secretion of Saliva
Mixed Salivary Gland Tumor
Nerve Fibers

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
C E Hauser-KronbergerK Albegger
Acta Oto-laryngologica
C E Hauser-KronbergerG W Hacker
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved