PMID: 6307981Aug 1, 1983

Peptidoglycan synthesis by partly autolyzed cells of Bacillus subtilis W23

Journal of Bacteriology
C R Harrington, J Baddiley

Abstract

Partly autolyzed, osmotically stabilized cells of Bacillus subtilis W23 synthesized peptidoglycan from the exogenously supplied nucleotide precursors UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and UDP-N-acetylmuramyl pentapeptide. Freshly harvested cells did not synthesize peptidoglycan. The peptidoglycan formed was entirely hydrolyzed by N-acetylmuramoylhydrolase, and its synthesis was inhibited by the antibiotics bacitracin, vancomycin, and tunicamycin. Peptidoglycan formation was optimal at 37 degrees C and pH 8.5, and the specific activity of 7.0 nmol of N-acetylglucosamine incorporated per mg of membrane protein per h at pH 7.5 was probably decreased by the action of endogenous wall autolysins. No cross-linked peptidoglycan was formed. In addition, a lysozyme-resistant polymer was also formed from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine alone. Peptidoglycan synthesis was inhibited by trypsin and p-chloromercuribenzenesulfonic acid, and we conclude that it occurred at the outer surface of the membrane. Although phospho-N-acetylmuramyl pentapeptide translocase activity was detected on the outside surface of the membrane, no transphosphorylation mechanism was observed for the translocation of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine. Peptidoglycan was similarly formed with par...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase
Natto Bacteria
Plasma Membrane
Nucleotidyltransferase
Pseudomurein
Protoplasts
Toluene
Trypure
Lipid Metabolism

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