PMID: 9812101Nov 13, 1998Paper

Percutaneous echocardiographically guided pericardiocentesis in pediatric patients: evaluation of safety and efficacy

Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
T S TsangP W O'Leary


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of echocardiographically (echo) guided pericardiocentesis in pediatric patients. Echo-guided pericardiocenteses performed in pediatric patients (age >/=16 years) at the Mayo Clinic between 1980 and 1997 were identified. Presentation, cause and characteristics of the effusion, details of the pericardiocentesis procedure, and outcome were determined by comprehensive chart review supplemented by telephone interviews when necessary. Seventy-three pediatric patients, median age 6.7 years (range 1 day to 16 years), underwent 94 consecutive echo-guided pericardiocenteses for effusions of various causes. Twenty-one (22%) procedures were performed in children younger than 2 years. All but 1 procedure were successful (99%). A mean fluid volume of 237 mL (range 4 to 970 mL) was withdrawn. Only a single attempt was needed for entry into the pericardial space in 87 (93%) procedures. No deaths were associated with the pericardiocentesis procedure. Only 1 major complication occurred (1%), a pneumothorax requiring chest tube reexpansion. Three (3%) minor complications-2 instances of right ventricular puncture and a small pneumothorax-did not require treatment. Extended catheter ...Continue Reading


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