PMID: 11698769Nov 8, 2001Paper

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and gastrojejunostomy in psychomotor retarded subjects: a follow-up covering 106 patient years

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
E M Mathus-VliegenC G Moorman-Voestermans


Whether psychomotor retarded persons should be treated by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or by surgical gastrostomy combined with an antireflux procedure is controversial. Therefore, the authors investigated the feasibility of a PEG and enteral feeding in these patients. Patients referred from specialized institutions for a PEG placement were assessed extensively by a multidisciplinary team. When considered eligible, age and general condition determined the choice of treatment under general anesthesia (group 1) or conscious sedation (group 2). Patients were followed up after 1 and 7 days, 4 and 12 weeks, and thereafter every 6 to 12 weeks. Data were collected prospectively over a period of 5 years until gastrostomy removal, death, or arrival at the censory date, 6 months after PEG placement. The endpoints were 1) to evaluate the procedure and its complications; 2) to discover barriers that impeded adequate nutrition; and 3) to explore the appropriateness of the choice of PEG or percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEJ). The procedure was successful in 95% of patients, in every patient in group 1 (35/35; median age, 4.1 years) and in 20 of 23 patients (87%) in group 2 (median age, 22.0 years). There were no proc...Continue Reading


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