Feb 27, 2009

Percutaneous left ventricular assist in ischemic cardiac arrest

Critical Care Medicine
Vegard TusethJ E Nordrehaug

Abstract

Ischemic cardiac arrest represents a challenge for optimal emergency revascularization therapy. A percutaneous left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may be beneficial. To determine the effect of a percutaneous LVAD during cardiac arrest without chest compressions and to assess the effect of fluid loading. Totally, 16 pigs randomized to either conventional or intensive fluid with LVAD support during ventricular fibrillation (VF). Acute experimental trial with pigs under general anesthesia. Farm pigs of both sexes. After randomization for fluid infusion, VF was induced by balloon occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending artery. LVAD and fluid were started after VF had been induced. Brain, kidney, myocardial tissue perfusion, and cardiac index were measured with the microsphere injection technique at baseline, 3, and 15 minutes. Additional hemodynamic monitoring continued until 30 minutes. At 15 minutes, vital organ perfusion was maintained without significant differences between the two groups. Mean cardiac index at 3 minutes of VF was 1.2 L x min(-1) x m2 (29% of baseline, p < 0.05). Mean perfusion at 3 minutes was 65% in the brain and 74% in the myocardium compared with baseline (p < 0.05), then remained unchanged dur...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Brain
Myocardium
Sustain
Myocardial Ischemia
Anterior Thoracic Region
Heart-Assist Devices
General Anesthesia [PE]
Obstruction
Chest

Related Feeds

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.