PMID: 2531179Dec 1, 1989

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of saphenous vein graft stenosis: long-term follow-up

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
W P PlatkoI Franco

Abstract

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was used to treat 101 patients with saphenous vein bypass graft stenosis at a mean of 50.1 months (range 2 to 196) after coronary artery bypass surgery. The patients presented between March 1981 and April 1987. A total of 107 saphenous vein grafts were dilated at 117 sites. The primary success rate was 91.8%. The incidence of cardiac complications was 7.1%. There were no cardiac complications in 53 patients with grafts implanted less than 36 months before angioplasty (Group 1). The 48 patients with grafts implanted for greater than 36 months (Group 2) had a 12.5% incidence rate of myocardial infarction, a 4% incidence rate of emergent bypass surgery and a 4% incidence rate of death for an overall cardiac complication rate of 14.9% (p less than 0.01). Follow-up was obtained at a mean of 16.8 +/- 13.9 months (range 1 to 54) in 87 patients (97% of successful cases). Repeat coronary angiography was performed in 49 patients and revealed restenosis in 30 patients (61.2%), with no difference in recurrence rates for proximal, mid or distal graft sites. Clinical recurrence (defined as recurrence of symptoms, myocardial infarction, repeat angioplasty, surgery or death) was 33.1% for Group 1 patients ...Continue Reading

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Angioplasty, Balloon
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