DOI: https://doi.org/10.51161/rems/721Mar 22, 2021Proceedings Paper

PERFIL EPIDEMIOLÓGICO DA LEISHMANIOSE TEGUMENTAR AMERICANA NO ESTADO DO MARANHÃO

Leandra Dos Anjos PavãoThaina Furtado Praxedes

Abstract

Introdução: A Leishmaniose é uma doença infecciosa causada por parasitas do gênero Leishmania que pode ser encontrada em dois tipos: Leishmaniose visceral e Leishmaniose tegumentar. A Leishmaniose tegumentar é uma antropozoonose transmitida pelo mosquito palha (Lutzomya longipalpis). Objetivo: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico da Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana (LTA) na base de dados do SINAN (Sistema de Informações e Agravos de Notificação) no período de 2017-2019 no estado do maranhão. Material e métodos: O estudo configura-se em retrospectivo, descritivo com abordagem quantitativo, com dados extraídos do sistema de dados SINAN, disponíveis no programa TABNET do Departamento de Informação do Sistema Único de Saúde do Brasil (DATASUS). Resultados: Segundo os dados do SINAN, foram registrados 3.860 casos de LTA no estado do Maranhão, entre o período de 2017 a 2019. O ano que apresentou o maior número de casos foi 2018 (39% dos casos) e o menor 2017 (29,6% dos casos registrados). A prevalência de LTA no período foi de 16,8/100.000 hab em 2017, 21,8/100.000 hab em 2018 e 17,1/100.000 hab em 2019. A faixa etária mais acometida foi o grupo de jovens adultos (20 a 39casos), quanto à variável sexo, os indivíduos do sexo masculino f...Continue Reading

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