May 3, 2016

Performance in a GO/NOGO perceptual task reflects a balance between impulsive and instrumental components of behaviour

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Aleksandra BerditchevskaiaSimon R Schultz

Abstract

In recent years, simple GO/NOGO behavioural tasks have become popular due to the relative ease with which they can be combined with technologies such as in vivo multiphoton imaging. To date, it has been assumed that behavioural performance can be captured by the average performance across a session, however this neglects the effect of motivation on behaviour within individual sessions. We investigated the effect of motivation on mice performing a GO/NOGO visual discrimination task. Performance within a session tended to follow a stereotypical trajectory on a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) chart, beginning with an over-motivated state with many false positives, and transitioning through a more or less optimal regime to end with a low hit rate after satiation. Our observations are reproduced by a new model, the Motivated Actor-Critic, introduced here. Our results suggest that standard measures of discriminability, obtained by averaging across a session, may significantly underestimate behavioural performance.

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
RTN4 wt Allele
RTN4 gene
Instrument - Device
Rtn4
Perception
Motivation
Diagnostic Imaging
Gene Ontology
Laboratory mice

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