Aug 1, 1993

Performance of an established system of first responder out-of-hospital defibrillation. The results of the second year of the Heartstart Scotland Project in the 'Utstein Style'

Resuscitation
M L SedgwickS M Cobbe

Abstract

The Heartstart Scotland project for out-of-hospital defibrillation covers the whole of Scotland, a population of approximately 5,102,400 (14.9% > 65 years, 48.3% male). All 395 ambulances in Scotland have been equipped with an automated external defibrillator and crews are trained in basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillator use (EMT-D). Between 1 May 1990 and 30 April 1991 a total of 1700 cardiac arrests was reported by the ambulance service. Of the 1676 arrests which we could trace, 63% were witnessed. A total of 1383 (83%) of all patients were declared dead on arrival at hospital or in the emergency department, 119 (7%) died in hospital and 174 (10%) were discharged alive. Of the 174 survivors, 87% were conscious and normal at discharge, 9% had moderate residual disability and 2% severe disability. Survival of patients discharged alive from hospital was 85% at 1 year. Defibrillation was undertaken in 71% of the reported cardiac arrests. Survival of bystander witnessed arrests was increased from 7 to 15% with bystander CPR (P < 0.005). If the cardiac arrest was witnessed by the ambulance crew and required defibrillation, survival to discharge was 39%. Of bystander witnessed arrests reached while still in VF (n = 6...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ophthalmoplegia
Emergency Care
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Cardiopulmonary
Electroversion Therapy
Emergency Medical Service Communication Systems
Survival Rate
Emergency Medical Technicians
Cardiac Arrest

About this Paper

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