May 8, 2013

Performance of the i-gel™ during pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation

David HäskeChristoph Niederberger


Current cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines recommend airway management and ventilation whilst minimising interruptions to chest compressions. We have assessed i-gel™ use during CPR. In an observational study of i-gel™ use during CPR we assessed the ease of i-gel™ insertion, adequacy of ventilation, the presence of a leak during ventilation, and whether ventilation was possible without interrupting chest compressions. We analysed i-gel™ insertion by paramedics (n=63) and emergency physicians (n=7) in 70 pre-hospital CPR attempts. There was a 90% first attempt insertion success rate, 7% on the second attempt, and 3% on the third attempt. Insertion was reported as easy in 80% (n=56), moderately difficult in 16% (n=11), and difficult in 4% (n=3). Providers reported no leak on ventilation in 80% (n=56), a moderate leak in 17% (n=12), and a major leak with no chest rise in 3% (n=2). There was a significant association between ease of insertion and the quality of the seal (r=0.99, p=0.02). The i-gel™ enabled continuous chest compressions without pauses for ventilation in 74% (n=52) of CPR attempts. There was no difference in the incidence of leaks on ventilation between patients having continuous chest compressions and pat...Continue Reading

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