Pericardial fluid level of heart-type cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is an indicator of severe myocardial ischemia

International Journal of Cardiology
Keiichi TambaraMasashi Komeda


Heart-type cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) has been reported as a sensitive and specific marker for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Our hypothesis was that serum or pericardial fluid levels of H-FABP can reflect not only myocardial infarction but also myocardial ischemia. A total of 34 patients with unstable angina, who had anginal symptoms and/or ST-changes in ECG monitoring within 24 h before operation, were classified into group A (n=17), and those without these symptoms and changes into group B (n=17). Blood and pericardial fluid samples were obtained immediately after median sternotomy, and serum and pericardial fluid levels of creatine kinase-MB, cardiac troponin-T, and H-FABP were measured. Serum H-FABP levels were slightly elevated compared with their normal values in both groups. While they showed no difference between groups A and B (group A vs. B: 8.5+/-1.0 vs. 7.1+/-0.7 ng/ml, P=0.25), pericardial fluid levels of H-FABP were significantly higher in group A than in group B (16.3+/-2.0 vs. 9.6+/-1.0 ng/ml, P=0.0046). H-FABP showed a weak correlation between its serum levels and pericardial fluid levels (r=0.40). Pericardial fluid levels of H-FABP reflect myocardial ischemia occurrin...Continue Reading


Aug 1, 1986·Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology·R B JenningsC Steenbergen
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