Advances in fetal echocardiography have improved prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and allowed better delivery and perinatal management. Some newborns with CHD require urgent intervention after delivery. In these cases, delivery close to a pediatric cardiac center may be considered, and the presence of a specialized cardiac team in the delivery room or urgent transport of the infant should be planned in advance. Delivery planning, monitoring in labor, rapid intervention at birth if needed, and avoidance of iatrogenic preterm delivery have the potential to improve outcomes for infants with prenatally diagnosed CHD.
Intermittent ductal patency in healthy newborn infants: demonstration by colour Doppler flow mapping
Utilization of fetal scalp pH and direct fetal electrocardiogram in the intrapartum management of congenital complete heart block in an adolescent primigravida
Reversed shunting across the ductus arteriosus or atrial septum in utero heralds severe congenital heart disease
Patterns of prenatal growth among infants with cardiovascular malformations: possible fetal hemodynamic effects
Effect of prenatal diagnosis of critical left heart obstruction on perinatal morbidity and mortality
Comparison of outcome when hypoplastic left heart syndrome and transposition of the great arteries are diagnosed prenatally versus when diagnosis of these two conditions is made only postnatally
Congenital complete heart block: fetal management protocol, review of the literature, and report of the smallest successful pacemaker implantation
Sensitivity and specificity of prenatal features of physiological shunts to predict neonatal clinical status in transposition of the great arteries
Delivery room and early postnatal management of neonates who have prenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease
Significance of reverse orientation of the ductus arteriosus in neonates with pulmonary outflow tract obstruction for early intervention
Fetal aortic valve stenosis and the evolution of hypoplastic left heart syndrome: patient selection for fetal intervention
Utility of fetal echocardiography in postnatal management of infants with prenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease
The 2008 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development report on fetal heart rate monitoring
ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 106: Intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring: nomenclature, interpretation, and general management principles
Screening to prevent spontaneous preterm birth: systematic reviews of accuracy and effectiveness literature with economic modelling
Brain volume and metabolism in fetuses with congenital heart disease: evaluation with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy
Vasoreactive response to maternal hyperoxygenation in the fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Prediction and perinatal management of severely restrictive atrial septum in fetuses with critical left heart obstruction: clinical experience using pulmonary venous Doppler analysis
Congenital heart disease infant death rates decrease as gestational age advances from 34 to 40 weeks
Pulmonary outflow tract obstruction in fetuses with complex congenital heart disease: predicting the need for neonatal intervention
Outcome of infants with prenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease delivered outside specialist paediatric cardiac centres
Fetal echocardiographic measurements and the need for neonatal surgical intervention in Tetralogy of Fallot
Prenatal detection for major congenital heart disease: a key process measure for congenital heart networks
Diagnosis and treatment of fetal cardiac disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association
Gestational age at birth and outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery: an analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database
Mode of delivery in pregnancies complicated by major fetal congenital heart disease: a retrospective cohort study
Outcomes and Predictors of Perinatal Mortality in Fetuses With Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia in the Current Era: A Multicenter Study
Risk-stratified postnatal care of newborns with congenital heart disease determined by fetal echocardiography
Does prenatal diagnosis of critical congenital heart diseases influence the prereferral mortality in a center without surgical intervention?
Fetal echocardiography for planning perinatal and delivery room care of neonates with congenital heart disease
Guidelines for the management of neonates and infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome: The European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) and the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC) Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Guidelines Task Force
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