Aug 1, 1986

Perinatal factors in twin mortality in Nigeria

International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics : the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
O Fakeye

Abstract

The results of a retrospective study involving 622 twin-pairs born over an 18-month period among 17,726 births at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria, are presented with particular reference to four variables: birthweight, presentation, parity, and intertwin delivery time interval. The twinning incidence was 35.1 per 1000. Monozygous and dizygous rates are 7 and 28 per 1000, respectively. Overall perinatal mortality (PNM) was 15.5%. Mortality was higher in second than in first twin (19.5% vs. 11.6%), and consistently higher when divided into birthweight groups. Corrected PNM increased with breech presentations: 16.3% in breech:breech compared with 3.9% in vertex:vertex presentations. The twinning rate increased with parity; PNM is low in parity 1, of little variation in birth-ranks 2-5, and high in para 6 and above. Delivery of the second twin within 15 min seems optimal, giving a corrected PNM 3.6% in contrast to rates of 10.1%, 14.0% and 19.1%, respectively when delivery occurred between 16 and 30, 31 and 60 and greater than 60 min, respectively. Prevention of preterm delivery, increased use of cesarean section delivery for malpresentation, active management of delivery of second twin within an optimal...Continue Reading

  • References19
  • Citations11

References

  • References19
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Monozygotic Twins
Premature Obstetric Labor
Fetal Malpresentation
Twin Sibling
Low Birth Weight Infant
Postneonatal Mortality
Retrospective Studies
Twins, Dizygotic
Primiparity

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