Perioperative Complications and Long-Term Outcomes After Bypasses in Adults with Moyamoya Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

World Neurosurgery
Hai SunRobert F Spetzler


Surgical revascularization for adults with moyamoya disease (MD) includes direct, indirect, or combination bypasses. It is unclear which provides the best outcomes. We sought to determine the best surgical management for adults with MD by comparing perioperative complications and long-term outcomes among 3 bypass types. Literature databases were searched for articles reporting revascularization bypass outcomes for adults with MD. A pooled analysis of all qualified studies and meta-analysis using only studies reporting direct comparisons of 2 bypass types were performed. Overall odds ratios (ORs) comparing 2 bypass types were computed and publication bias was assessed. Rates of perioperative and long-term hemorrhage and ischemia and favorable outcomes were compared. Forty-seven studies were analyzed; 8 had level 1 or 2 evidence. Pooled analyses showed that perioperative hemorrhage rates were significantly (P = 0.02) lower with indirect compared with direct (OR, 0.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.002-0.55) or combined (OR, 0.03; 95% CI, 0.002-0.53) bypasses. Meta-analysis showed that direct bypass was better at preventing long-term hemorrhage than was indirect bypass (OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.09-0.79; P = 0.02). Pooled analyses sho...Continue Reading


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