DOI: 10.1101/19004150Aug 14, 2019Paper

Peripheral Biomarkers of Tobacco-Use Disorder: A Systematic Review

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Dwight F Newton

Abstract

Introduction: Tobacco use disorder (TUD) is a major worldwide healthcare burden resulting in 7 million deaths annually. TUD has few approved cessation aids, all of which are associated a high rate of relapse within one year. Biomarkers of TUD severity, treatment response, and risk of relapse have high potential clinical utility to identify ideal responders and guide additional treatment resources. Methods: A MEDLINE search was performed using the terms biomarkers, dihydroxyacetone phosphate, bilirubin, inositol, cotinine, adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol, pituitary-adrenal system, homovanillic acid, dopamine, pro-opiomelanocortin, lipids, lipid metabolism all cross-referenced with tobacco-use disorder. Results: The search yielded 424 results, of which 57 met inclusion criteria. The most commonly studied biomarkers were those related to nicotine metabolism, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and cardiovascular (CVD) risk. Nicotine metabolism was most associated with severity of dependence and treatment response, where as HPA axis and CVD markers showed less robust associations with dependence and relapse risk. Conclusions: Nicotine-metabolite ratio, cortisol, and atherogenicity markers appear to be the most prom...Continue Reading

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