PMID: 629356Mar 1, 1978Paper

Permeability changes in Necturus proximal tubule during volume expansion

The American Journal of Physiology
C J Bentzel, P R Reczek


The permeability of Necturus proximal tubule to hydrophilic nonelectrolytes of varying molecular size was studied under control conditions and during isotonic expansion of the animal's extracellular volume. Transepithelial permeability was measured in perfused tubular segments under conditions of zero net water flux. During volume expansion, tubular permeability to urea increased slightly, whereas mannitol decreased slightly and permeability to sucrose was significantly decreased. Volume expansion had a greater effect on osmotic flow parameters; the NaCl reflection coefficient decreased from 0.64 to 0.47 (summer animals) and from 0.41 to 0.27 (winter animals). Osmotic water flux and hydraulic conductivity increased but only in the lumen-to-capillary direction. Reflection coefficients of nonelectrolytes measured at the apical surface were reduced during volume expansion for probing molecules greater than 3 A in radius and were unchanged for smaller molecules, less than 3 A, suggesting two pore populations. We propose that an increase in tight-junction permeability can account for modification of osmotic flow parameters, whereas the whole thickness of the epithelium, particularly the intercellular space, plays the dominant role i...Continue Reading


Apr 6, 2002·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Ali A KhraibiTheresa J Berndt
Apr 5, 2003·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Alan M Weinstein

Related Concepts

Blood Capillaries
Cell Membrane Permeability
Extracellular Space
Kidney Tubules, Proximal

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