Jan 1, 1976

Permeability parameters of the toad isolated stratum corneum

The Journal of Membrane Biology
F L VieiraL Cury

Abstract

A technique for isolating the stratum corneum from the subjacent layers of the epithelium was developed which permits studying the stratum corneum as an isolated membrane mounted between half-chambers. The method basically consists of an osmotic shock induced by immersing a piece of skin in distilled water at 50 degrees C for 2 min. When the membrane is bathed on each surface by NaCl-Ringer's solution, its electrical resistance is 14.1 +/- 1.3 omega cm2 (n=10). This value is about 1/100 of the whole skin resistance in the presence of the same solution. The hydraulic filtration coefficient (Lp) measured by a hydrostatic pressure method, with identical solutions on each side of the membrane, is 8.8 X 10(-5) +/- 1.5 X 10(-5) cm sec-1 atm-1 (n=10) in distilled water and 9.2 X 10(-5) +/- 1.4 X 10(-5) cm sec-1 atm-1 (n=10) in NaCl-Ringer's solution. These values are not statistically different and are within the range of 1/80 to 1/120 of the whole skin Lp. The stratum corneum shows an amphoteric character when studied by KCl diffusion potentials at different pH'S. The membrane presents an isoelectric pH of 4.6 +/- 0.3 (n=10). Above the isoelectric pH the potassium transport number is higher than the chloride transport number; below i...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Ringer's solution
Cations, Divalent
Filtration
Bufo marinus
Resting Potentials
Distilled water
Epithelium
Permeability
Electric Conductivity
Slow-K

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved