Permselective Ion Transport Across the Nanoscopic Liquid/Liquid Interface Array

Analytical Chemistry
Xiao HuangBin Su

Abstract

Free-standing silica nanochannel membrane (SNM) with perforated channels was utilized to create arrays of nanoscale interfaces between two immiscible electrolyte solutions (nano-ITIES), at which permselective ion transfer and detection were achieved. The SNM consisted of a high density of straight nanochannels with a diameter of 2-3 nm and a length of 70 nm. The silicon wafer coated by 150 nm-thick porous silicon nitride film (p-SiNF) with pores of 5 μm-in-diameter was used to support the SNM in a form of nanochannel-on-micropore. Considering the material surface lipophilicity, the nano-ITIES array was formed at the boundary between SNM and p-SiNF, with a diffusion geometry equivalent to two back-to-back inlaid microdisc interfaces. Thus, the transfer of tetraethylammonium (TEA(+)) across the nano-ITIES array yielded symmetric sigmoidal current responses. In addition, because of the ultrasmall size and negatively charged surface of silica nanochannels, the nano-ITIES displayed obvious size and charge permselectivities. Transfer of ions with a size comparable with or larger than the nanochannel was sterically blocked. Also that of anions with a size smaller than the nanochannels encountered the strong electrostatic repulsion fro...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Jun 13, 2018·Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry·Shudong ZhangYuanhua Shao
Jul 6, 2018·Faraday Discussions·Angelika HolzingerChristine Kranz
Jul 30, 2019·Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry·Ping ZhouBin Su

Related Concepts

Anions
Ion Channel
Ions
Patient Transfer
Silicon Dioxide
Silicon
Silicon nitride
Tetraethylammonium
Intermediate
Surface

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