Peroxidase-mediated dealkylation of tamoxifen, detected by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, and activation to form DNA adducts

Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Nilesh W Gaikwad, W J Bodell

Abstract

Tamoxifen (TAM) is extensively used for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. Associated with TAM treatment is a two- to eightfold increase in risk of endometrial cancer. To understand the mechanisms associated with this increased risk several pathways for TAM metabolism and DNA adduct formation have been studied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of peroxidase enzymes in the metabolism of TAM and its activation to form DNA adducts. Using advanced tandem mass spectrometry we have investigated the peroxidase-mediated metabolism of TAM. Incubation of TAM with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and H(2)O(2) produced multiple metabolites. Electrospray ionization-MS/MS analysis of the metabolites demonstrated a peak at 301.3m/z with daughter ions at 183.0, 166.9, 128.9, and 120.9m/z, which identified the metabolite as metabolite E (ME). The levels of ME were significantly inhibited by the addition of ascorbic acid to the incubation mixture. Co-incubation of either TAM or ME and DNA with HRP and H(2)O(2) produced three DNA adducts with a RAL of 1.97±0.01×10(-7) and 8.45±2.7×10(-7). Oxidation of ME with MnO(2) produced metabolite E quinone methide (MEQM). Furthermore, incubation of either TAM or ME with HRP and ...Continue Reading

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