Peroxynitrite and NO+ donors form colored nitrite adducts with sinapinic acid: potential applications

Nitric Oxide : Biology and Chemistry
Shirin AkhterBulent Mutus


Sinapinic acid (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid, SA) reacted with peroxynitrous acid at neutral pH with a second-order rate constant of 812 M(-1)s(-1), to yield a red product (lambda(max), 532 nm). The identical colored product could be formed with acidified decomposed peroxynitrous acid solutions or nitrite at slower rates (0.1M HCl, 8.32 M(-1)s(-1); 10% acetic acid, 0.0004 M(-1)s(-1)). The red compound is thought to be O-nitrososinapinic acid (3,5-dimethoxy-4-nitrosooxycinnamic acid) which can be formed by reaction with either peroxynitrous acid or nitrous acid. The extinction coefficient of O-nitrososinapinic acid (ONSA) was estimated to be 8419 M(-1)cm(-1) at 510 nm in 10% acetic acid and 90% acetonitrile. ONSA was also formed via NO(+) transfer from S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO). ONSA in turn can S-nitrosate low molecular weight thiols and protein thiols. SA was also shown to act as a peroxynitrite sink as it effectively prevented the oxidation of dihydrorhodamine under physiological conditions. The fact that O-nitrososinapinic acid is stable and can be used to S-nitrosate thiol containing amino acids, peptides, and proteins makes it a potentially useful reagent in the study of S-nitrosothiol biochemistry and physiology...Continue Reading


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