DOI: 10.1101/470567Nov 14, 2018Paper

PERPETUAL FLOWERING2 coordinates the vernalization response and perennial flowering in Arabis alpina

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ana LazaroMaria C Albani

Abstract

The floral repressor APETALA2 (AP2) in Arabidopsis regulates flowering through the age pathway. The AP2 orthologue in the alpine perennial Arabis alpina, PERPETUAL FLOWERING 2 (PEP2), was previously reported to regulate flowering through the vernalization pathway by enhancing the expression of another floral repressor PERPETUAL FLOWERING 1 (PEP1), the orthologue of Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). However, PEP2 also regulates flowering independently of PEP1. To characterize the function of PEP2 we analyzed the transcriptomes of pep2 and pep1 mutants. The majority of differentially expressed genes were detected between pep2 and the wild type or between pep2 and pep1, highlighting the importance of the PEP2 role that is independent of PEP1. Here we demonstrate that PEP2 prevents the upregulation of the A. alpina floral meristem identity genes FRUITFUL (AaFUL), LEAFY (AaLFY) and APETALA1 (AaAP1) which ensure floral commitment during vernalization. Young pep2 seedlings respond to vernalization, suggesting that PEP2 regulates the age-dependent response to vernalization independently of PEP1. The major role of PEP2 through the PEP1-dependent pathway takes place after vernalization, when it facilitates PEP1 activation both in the ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Genes
Up-Regulation (Physiology)
Arabidopsis thaliana <plant>
LFY protein, Arabidopsis
Branching (Qualifier Value)
Seedling
Plant Shoots
FLF protein, Arabidopsis
Analysis
Arabis alpina

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