Jan 16, 2019

Persistence of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae in Soil Through Asymptomatic Colonization of Rotation Crops

Phytopathology
P M HenryT R Gordon

Abstract

Asymptomatic plant colonization is hypothesized to enhance persistence of pathogenic forms of Fusarium oxysporum. However, a correlation between pathogen populations on living, asymptomatic plant tissues and soilborne populations after tillage has not been demonstrated. Living and dead tissues of broccoli, lettuce, spinach, wheat, cilantro, raspberry, and strawberry plants grown in soil infested with F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae (the cause of Fusarium wilt of strawberry) were assayed to quantify the incidence of infection and extent of colonization by this pathogen. All crops could be infected by F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae but the extent of colonization varied between plant species. Pathogen population densities on nonliving crown tissues incorporated into the soil matrix were typically greater than those observed on living tissues. Crop-dependent differences in the inoculum density of F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae in soil were only observed after decomposition of crop residue. Forty-four weeks after plants were incorporated into the soil, F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae soil population densities were positively correlated with population densities on plant tissue fragments recovered at the same time point. Results indicate t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Lettuce
Crops, Agricultural
Fusarium oxysporum
Extracellular Matrix
Fragaria x ananassa
Fragaria
Fusarium
Land Supply
Laboratory Culture
Species

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