Pesticides for locust control

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
R D MacCuaig

Abstract

The factors influencing the choice of insecticides for locust control are effectiveness, safety in use, relative cost, and the formulations available. The relative importance of these factors varies with the scale of control. In small scale control by farmers safety and simplicity are paramount and a BHC dust is commonly used, but in large scale control operations by specialized organizations more toxic formulations ultra-low-volume (u.l.v.) concentrates and methods of application requiring considerable skills can be used. The remarkable effectiveness of dieldrin as a stomach poison appears to be due to its conversion to photodieldrin after application. Cases of poisoning following large scale control operations are rare, and fatalities in man unknown. Alternatives to organochlorine insecticides include fenitrothion, already recommended and used on a large scale against adults. Against nymphs the correct dosage of fenitrothion would cost nearly 11 times as much as that of dieldren. Recent experimental work with new insecticides has included safety tests with domestic animals and measurements of persistence. 1 microgram deposits of cyanofenphos, decamethrin and mecarphon, as well as of dieldrin and photodieldrin, on wheat seedli...Continue Reading

References

Dec 6, 2014·Scientific Reports·Weiguo FangRaymond J St Leger

Related Concepts

Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
Decamethrin
Poisoning
Organochlorine insecticide
Fenitrothion
Romaleidae
Benign Hereditary Chorea
Organizational Groups
Farmers
Seedling

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