pH dependence of blood-brain barrier permeability to lactate and nicotine

Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
W H OldendorfE M Cornford

Abstract

Brain uptake of radiolabeled D and L-lactate, D-glucose and nicotine, as measured by the intra-carotid bolus method, was examined over a range of pH of the injected solution. The uptake of L-lactate was highest at pH 6.1, and lowered significantly at pH 7.2, 7.5 and 8.4. In contrast, the uptake of the D-enantiomer was not as dramatically affected. Glucose uptake was not affected by alterations in pH. Nicotine uptake decreased with pH reduction through a range of 8.3-4.2. These data suggest that it is the uncharged molecule which penetrates the blood-brain barrier by both carrier and lipid mediation. A mechanism relating to these observations is postulated and possible relevance to lactate washout from ischemic brain discussed.

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Brain
Anhydrous Dextrose
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lactates
Microcirculation
Nicotine Bitartrate
Rats, Laboratory

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