Jul 27, 1976

pH dependence of the hydrolysis of hippuric acid esters by carboxypeptidase A

Biochemistry
J W Bunting, S S Chu

Abstract

The pH dependence (pH 4.5-10.5) of the hydrolysis of seven hippuric acid esters (C6H5CONHCH2C-O2CR1R2CO2H: 1a: R1 = R2 = H; 1b: R1 = R2 = CH3; 1c: R1 = H, R2 = p-ClC6H4; 1d: R1 = H, R2 = C2H5; 1e: R1 = H, R2 = (CH3)2CHCH2; 1f: R1 = H, R2 = C6H5; 1g: R1 = H, R2 = C6H5CH2) by bovine carboxypeptidase A has been investigated, and the pH dependence of the substrate activation of 1a-c and the substrate inhibition of 1d-g have been compared. For all seven esters the catalytically productive binding of the first substrate molecule depends on enzymatic pKa values of 6.0 and 9.1. For 1d, 1e, and 1g the rate of hydrolysis (k2app) of this complex is pH independent, whereas for 1f k2app depends on a pKa of 5.9. The rate of hydrolysis (k3app) of the 1:2 enzyme-substrate complex (ES2) is pH independent for 1d-g, but for 1a-c k3app depends on the following pKa values: 1a, 6.1 and 9.1; 1b, 5.4; 1c, 6.6. The pH dependences of k2app for 1f and k3app for 1c are rationalized by the presence of catalytically nonproductive species. Equivalent ES2 species are believed to be productive for 1c-g; however, the productive ES2 species for 1b must be quite different.

  • References10
  • Citations11

Mentioned in this Paper

CPA1
Carboxypeptidase A
Hippurates
Bos taurus
Hippuricum acidum, hippuric acid, Homeopathic preparation
Carboxypeptidase A Activity
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Metabolic Inhibition
Carboxypeptidase
Esters

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