PMID: 39188May 1, 1979

pH-Dependence of water and solute transport in toad urinary bladder

Kidney International
C P CarvounisR M Hays


Stimulation of urea and water transport by vasopressin (ADH) appears to occur via independent pathways. We examined the effects of altering serosal or mucosal bath pH on transport of water, urea, and sodium. Compared to bladders with a serosal bath pH of 7.4 to 8.0, reducing the serosal bath pH to 6.8 led to a 60% fall in ADH-stimulated osmotic water flow, without decreasing the permeability of urea. Raising the serosal pH to 9.5 had the opposite effect: urea permeability was inhibited by 40% without altering water flow. Exogenous cyclic AMP-stimulated water and urea permeabilities were not dissociated, but were changed in the same direction by alterations in serosal pH: serosal acidification enhanced the effect of exogenous cyclic AMP on both urea and water, whereas the cyclic AMP effect on both was diminished by serosal alkalinization. This was especially marked for urea, suggesting that an alteration in the urea response to cyclic AMP may be particularly important in defining vasopressin-stimulated urea permeability as the serosal bath pH is altered. Mucosal acidification increased short circuit current but decreased both the urea and water response to ADH and 8-bromo-cyclic AMP. The response to cyclic AMP was less consisten...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Urinary Bladder
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Tissue Membrane

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