PMID: 38672Sep 1, 1979

pH regulation in barnacle muscle fibers: dependence on intracellular and extracellular pH

The American Journal of Physiology
Walter F BoronA Roos


Intracellular pH (pHi) regulation was studied in acid-loaded barnacle muscle fibers by monitoring recovery of pHi with a pH-sensitive microelectrode. By multiplying the rate of pHi recovery by total intracellular buffering power, the acid extrusion rate was obtained. The acid extrusion rate was greatest at low values of pHi, and declined toward zero as pHi approached normal levels. It increased as the extracellular pH (pHo) was raised either by increasing external [HCO3] ([HCO3]o) at constant PCO2 or by decreasing PCO2 at constant [HCO3]o, but more so in the former case than in the latter. These observations suggest that pHo per se is an important determinant of the acid extrusion rate, but that raising [HCO3]o by itself also stimulates acid extrusion. This would be expected if acid extrusion involves the inward movement of HCO3. When fibers were exposed to HCO3-containing solutions at very low or very high pHo, pHi drifted downward or upward, respectively; thbe drifts were inhibited by 4-acetamido-4' isothiocyanostilbene-2,2' disulfonic acid (SITS). Our results are discussed in terms of possible mechanisms of acid extrusion.


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