Jun 1, 1993

pH studies to elucidate the chemical mechanism of penicillin acylase from Kluyvera citrophila

Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
J MartínR Arche


The variation with pH of the kinetic parameters of penicillin acylase from Kluyvera citrophila has been used to gain information about the chemical mechanism of the reaction catalysed by the enzyme. The pH-dependence of log (V/Km) for penicillin G showed that a group with a pK value over 4.7 must be deprotonated and that a group with a pK value over 9.7 must be protonated in the free enzyme for activity. The solvent perturbation and temperature studies indicated that these groups are respectively of cationic and neutral acid type with ionization enthalpies of 29.7 and 111 kJ/mol. It was proved that penicillin G sulphoxide is a reversible linear competitive inhibitor with respect to the hydrolysis of penicillin G. The similarity of the pH profile and the magnitude of the pK values derived from the dissociation constant, Ki, suggest that both groups are concerned with the binding of penicillin G and its analogues to the enzyme. It is proposed that binding of substrate involves the formation of hydrogen bonds between the substrate and the essential ionizable groups in the enzyme which lie within the hydrophobic environment of the active site of penicillin acylase. This suggestion is supported by the finding that the profile of V (...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Penicillin G sulfoxide, monosodium salt
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Penicillin V Acylase

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