Pharmacist Intervention Lowers HgbA1c in Diabetic Patients Regardless of HIV Status.

Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research : Official Journal of the Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Australia
Noelle E NelsonRebecca M Hluhanich

Abstract

Compare glycemic control in human immunodeficiency (HIV)-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy to HIV-negative patients following pharmacist interventions. This retrospective observational cohort study conducted at a Federally Qualified Health Center included adults with type II diabetes mellitus who attended at least two clinical pharmacy appointments between January 1, 2018 and July 31, 2019. Exclusion criteria included missing pre- or post-hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c) values, type 1 diabetes, pregnancy, breastfeeding, deceased, or untreated HIV. The primary endpoint was change in HgbA1c from baseline to month 3. Secondary endpoints were change in HgbA1c at 6, 9, and 12 months, and time to goal. Additional endpoints included changes in number of anti-diabetic agents, blood pressure, body mass index, hypoglycemic events, percent of patients on a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor or glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) agonist. This study was exempt from the University of California, Davis Institutional Review Board as a continuous quality improvement study.Seventy-eight patients were included, 17 of whom were HIV-positive. At 3 months, HgbA1c was reduced by -1.7% and -1.2% (p =0.31) for HIV-positive and -negative pa...Continue Reading

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