PMID: 3438226Nov 1, 1987Paper

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ethanol, diazepam and pentobarbital in young and aged rats

Pharmacology & Toxicology
S GuthrieM Linnoila


Sleeping time was measured in groups of old and young rats following the intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital (39.5, diazepam (30 and ethanol (3 Concentrations of pentobarbital, and unbound and total diazepam in serum, and ethanol in breath were quantified; as well as whole brain concentrations of diazepam and N-demethyldiazepam. Healthy old rats slept significantly longer than young rats after receiving diazepam and ethanol but not pentobarbital. There were no significant differences in serum or whole brain concentrations of diazepam or N-demethyldiazepam between healthy young and old rats. There were also no changes in the serum pentobarbital or breath ethanol concentrations between the young and old rats. Increases in pharmacologic effect that occur with aging may be caused by alterations in pharmacokinetic parameters or changes at the site of drug action. The cause of an increased pharmacodynamic effect depends upon the specific drug, possibly because these compounds affect the same receptorionophore complex at different sites.


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