PMID: 6524719Nov 1, 1984

Pharmacokinetic disposition of theophylline in horses after intravenous administration

American Journal of Veterinary Research
D F KowalczykD Littlejohn


The pharmacokinetics of theophylline were determined in 6 healthy horses after a single IV administration of 12 mg of aminophylline/kg of body weight (equivalent to 9.44 mg of theophylline/kg). Serum theophylline was measured after the IV dose at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 15 hours. Serum concentration plotted against time on semilogarithmic coordinates, indicated that theophylline in 5 horses was best described by a 2-compartment open model and in 1 horse by a 1-compartment open model. The following mean pharmacokinetic values were determined; elimination half-life = 11.9 hours, distribution half-life = 0.495 hours, apparent specific volume of distribution = 0.885 +/- 0.075 L/kg, apparent specific volume of central compartment = 0.080 L/kg, and clearance = 51.7 +/- 11.2 ml/kg/hr. Three horses with reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were serially given 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 mg of aminophylline/kg in single IV doses (equivalent to 0.8, 2.4, 4.7, 7.1, 9.44, and 11.8 mg of theophylline/kg, respectively). The horses were exposed to a dusty barn until they developed clinical signs of respiratory distress and were then given the aminophylline. Effects of increasing doses on different days were correlated with cl...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Horse Diseases
Intravenous Injections
Lung Diseases, Obstructive

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