Dec 19, 2018

Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Evaluation of a Novel Aminomethylcycline Antibiotic, KBP-7072, in the Neutropenic Murine Pneumonia Model against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Alexander J LepakDavid R Andes

Abstract

KBP-7072 is a novel aminomethylcycline antibiotic in clinical development for community-acquired pneumonia. The goal of present studies was to determine which pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameter magnitude correlated with efficacy in the murine pneumonia infection model against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae KBP-7072 pharmacokinetic measurements were performed in plasma and epithelial lining fluid (ELF) at 4-fold-increasing doses from 1 to 256 mg/kg of body weight subcutaneously. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using a noncompartmental model and were linear over the dose range. Penetration into ELF ranged from 82% to 238% comparing ELF drug concentrations to plasma free drug concentrations. Twenty-four-hour dose-ranging efficacy studies were then performed in the neutropenic murine pneumonia model against 5 S. aureus (3 methicillin-resistant and 2 methicillin-susceptible) and 6 S. pneumoniae (2 Tetr and 2 Penr) strains. KBP-7072 demonstrated potent in vivo activity resulting in a 3- to 5-log10 kill in CFU burden compared to the start of therapy for all strains. The PK/PD index area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)/MIC corelated well with efficacy (R2, 0.80 to 0.89). Net stasis...Continue Reading

  • References22
  • Citations7

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Bacterial Proteins
Neutropenia
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Efficacy Study
TetR protein, Clostridium tetani
Objective (Goal)
Pharmacologic Substance
Plasma

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